Sherpa climber Kami Rita scaled Mount Everest on Wednesday for a 23rd time, breaking his own record for the most successful ascents of the world's highest peak.
Rita reached the summit with other climbers Wednesday morning and all of them were reported to be safe, said Gyanendra Shrestha, a Nepalese government official at the mountain's base camp.
Rita's two closest peers have climbed the 8,850-meter (29,035-foot) peak 21 times each, but both of them have retired from mountain climbing.
"It is my profession, but at the same time I am setting new world record for Nepal too," Rita told The Associated Press last month before heading to the mountain.
Rita, 49, first scaled Everest in 1994 and has been making the trip nearly every year since, one of many Sherpa guides whose expertise and skills are vital to the safety and success of the hundreds of climbers who head to Nepal each year seeking to stand on top of the world.
His father was among the first Sherpa guides employed to help climbers reach the summit, and Rita followed in his footsteps and then some. In addition to his nearly two dozen summits of Everest, Rita has scaled several other peaks that are among the world's highest, including K-2, Cho-Oyu, Manaslu and Lhotse.
Rita was at Everest's base camp in 2015 when an avalanche swept through, killing 19 people. After that tragedy, he came under intense family pressure to quit mountaineering altogether, but in the end decided against it.
"I know Mount Everest very well, having climbed it 22 times, but at the same time I know I may or may not come back," he told AP last month. "I am like a soldier who leaves behind their wives, children and family to battle for the pride of the country."
Rita has been an advocate for other Sherpa guides, who he said do not get the recognition they are due.
He said that before climbers reach the summit to take their photographs announcing their success, there are months of hard work done by Sherpas. The Sherpas are the ones who take care of setting up the camps, carrying the loads on their backs, cooking food and carrying oxygen tanks.
Perhaps most important, it is Sherpas who each year fix ropes and ladders over crevasses and icefalls that make things safer for the hundreds of climbers who will follow them.
"However, when these climbers reach the summit, only their names are highlighted and nothing mentioned about the hard work done by the Sherpas," Rita said last month.
Sherpa tribespeople were mostly yak herders and traders living deep within the Himalayas until Nepal opened its borders in the 1950s. Their stamina and familiarity with the mountains quickly made them sought-after guides and porters.
On Tuesday, it was a team of Sherpa guides who again were the first to reach Everest's summit this year, completing their advanced work of setting up ropes and lines.
There are 41 different teams with a total of 378 climbers who have been permitted to scale Everest during this year's spring climbing season. There are an equal number of Nepalese guides helping them to get to the summit.
Each May, there are usually only a few windows of good weather near the summit during which climbers can attempt to scale the peak.
मीडिया रिपोर्ट्स के मुताबिक, चीन व नेपाल भी कैलाश मानसरोवर को यूनेस्को संरक्षित विश्व धरोहर का दर्जा दिलाने के लिए यूनेस्को को प्रस्ताव भेज चुके हैं
मालूम हो कि कैलाश का 7120 वर्ग किलोमीटर क्षेत्रफल भारत के हिस्से में आता है. जबकि चीन (तिब्बत) के हिस्से में 10,843 वर्ग किलोमीटर, नेपाल के हिस्से में 13,829 वर्ग किलोमीटर हिस्सा आता है. इस तरह कुल 31 हजार 252 वर्ग किलोमीटर यूनेस्को की सूची में शामिल किया गया है.
बताया जा रहा है कि यूनेस्को संरक्षित विश्व धरोहर का दर्जा मिलने के बाद कैलाश मानसरोवर ना केवल विकसित होगा बल्कि यहां यात्रा करना आसान होगा.
इस बारे में डॉ. वीबी माथुर ने बताया कि यूनेस्को का कैटेगरी-2 सेंटर एशिया पैसिफिक क्षेत्र के देशों की प्राकृतिक धरोहरों को वैश्विक स्तर पर पहचान दिलाने के लिए काम करता है. इसी सेंटर ने कैलाश भूक्षेत्र को यूनेस्को में स्थान दिलाने के लिए काम किया है.
साथ ही नेपाल की अंतरराष्ट्रीय संस्था इसीमोड और उत्तराखंड अंतरिक्ष उपयोग केंद्र ने भी इसमें अहम भूमिका निभाई. अब अंतरिम सूची में कैलाश को स्थान मिलने के बाद अब यहां एक साल तक विभिन्न स्तर पर काम होगा. इसके बाद मुख्य प्रस्ताव बनाकर यूनेस्को को भेजा जाएगा.
कैलाश मानसरोवर यात्रा का निकला कंप्यूटर ड्रॉ, पहली बार तीर्थयात्रा करने वालों को मिली प्राथमिकता
कैलाश मानसरोवर की यात्रा पर जाने की इच्छा रखने वाले तीर्थयात्रियों के चयन के लिए कंप्यूटर के जरिए ड्रॉ निकाला गया. इसमें सॉफ्टवेयर में पहली बार आवेदन करने वालों को प्राथमिकता देने या वरिष्ठ नागरिकों की पसंद के मार्ग को शामिल किया गया है.
विदेश सचिव विजय गोखले ने जवाहर नेहरू भवन में आयोजित हुए इस ड्रॉ की अध्यक्षता की और उन्होंने इस दौरान तीर्थयात्रियों से हिमालय के संवेदनशील पर्यावरण की ‘सुरक्षा और संरक्षण' की अपील की.
विदेश मंत्रालय हर साल जून से लेकर सितंबर के बीच में इस यात्रा का आयोजन दो मार्गों लिपुलेख दर्रा (उत्तराखंड) और नाथूला दर्रा (सिक्किम) के जरिए करता है. यह यात्रा अपने धार्मिक मूल्यों और सांस्कृतिक महत्व के लिए जानी जाती है. इस यात्रा में हर साल सैंकड़ों लोग हिस्सा लेते हैं.
लाश मानसरोवर यात्रा 2019 के लिए मंत्रालय को 2,996 आवेदन मिले जिनमें से 2,256 आवेदनकर्ता पुरुष और 740 महिलाएं हैं. वहीं, 640 वरिष्ठ नागरिकों ने भी इस यात्रा के लिए आवेदन किया है.
लिपुलेख दर्रा मार्ग के लिए प्रत्येक जत्थे में 58 यात्री होंगे और कुल 18 जत्थे होंगे. वहीं. नाथू ला दर्रा मार्ग में 10 जत्थे होंगे और प्रत्येक जत्थे में 48 यात्री होंगे. प्रत्येक जत्थे में दो अधिकारी सहायता के लिए होंगे.
एक वरिष्ठ अधिकारी ने बताया कि नाथू ला मार्ग, लिपुलेख मार्ग की अपेक्षा कम दुर्गम है. इसलिए वरिष्ठ यात्री नाथूला मार्ग को प्राथमिकी देते हैं. इस यात्रा में करीब 19,500 फुट तक की चढ़ाई करनी होती है.
विदेश मंत्रालय ने एक बयान में बताया कि यात्रियों का चयन लैंगिक पहचान को भी ध्यान में रखते हुए निष्पक्ष तरीके से कंप्यूटर के जरिए किया गया है. चयनित यात्रियों को मोबाइल और ईमेल के जरिए जानकारी दे दी गई है.
मंत्रालय ने बताया कि 2015 से यात्रियों के चयन की पूरी प्रक्रिया आवेदन से लेकर चयन तक कंप्यूटर के जरिए होती है और इसलिए यात्रियों को जानकारी हासिल करने के लिए फैक्स या पत्र भेजने की जरूरत नहीं है.
"We complied for our commitments to our pilgrims" - Gratifying Kailash for Blessings to Serve Holy Pilgrimage
Mountains and snow share a delicate bond. Those who are traveling to Nepal this winter experienced snowfall closely. Witnessing snowfall is a rare experience. Unlike other seasons, Nepal unravels its beauty for the residents of the valley. Usually, snowfall happens in the higher altitude. This year, the inhabitants are lucky enough to experience the beauty of snowfall in places like Chyampedanda, Ranikot, Gundu, Nalinchowk, Changunarayan, and Nagarkot. Not only in high areas but also in urban areas like Suryabinayak, has Madhyapurthimi experienced snowfall. The tourists love to experience snowfall at exotic locations. This year, Nepal has provided all the visual aspects to the tourists to enjoy the winter in such a beautiful land. The farmers are quite happy with the snowfall for better growth of winter crops. This year places like Dhunche experienced snowfall twice this year. The white cover of snowflakes around the city has made it more beautiful. The local residents indulge in playing in snowfall to get a break from scheduled life. Those traveling to the valley are enjoying the coldness every inch. The coldness, snowflakes attract tourists with its natural beauty. There are people in the valley whose lives are affected while struggling with the coldness of the mountains.
Kathmandu [Nepal]: Over 300 pilgrims were rescued on Wednesday from Nepalganj-Simikot-Hilsa route of Kailash Mansarovar Yatra, which passes through Nepal.
The Indian Embassy in Nepal is closely monitoring the situation in the region and is taking various steps to evacuate Indians and Indian-origin people from the area. The embassy operated five flights and three sorties of Nepal Army chopper and evacuated 119 people from Simikot to Surkhet. They were later sent from Surkhet to Nepalganj through buses.
Apart from this, the Indian embassy in Nepal has also operated 35 sorties of choppers between Hilsa and Simikot and evacuated close to 200 people from the region. The Embassy is further looking into the possibility of hiring chartered choppers and operating them on various evacuation routes subject to weather condition. Earlier in the day, mortal remains of the two Indian pilgrims, one from Andhra Pradesh and another from Kerala, were brought to Kathmandu and Nepalganj by a special helicopter.
The Indian Embassy in Nepal issued a list of hotline numbers for the pilgrims stranded in Nepal and their family members. A number of Kailash Mansarovar Yatra pilgrims are stranded in parts of Nepal following heavy downpour. The helpline numbers are as follows: 9851107006, 9851155007, 9851107021, 9818832398. Hotline to contact language speaking staff: Kannada- 9823672371, Telugu- 9808082292, Tamil- 9808500642, Malayalam- 9808500644.
Thousands of Indian pilgrims take part in the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra every year via Nepal in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China ahead of the monsoon season. The tour is organised by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) each year between June and September in cooperation with the government of People’s Republic of China through two different routes – Lipulekh Pass (Uttarakhand) and Nathu La Pass (Sikkim).
In Nepal, 336 Indian pilgrims returning from Kailash Mansarovar Yatra have been evacuated from Simikot today. The stranded pilgrims were airlifted from Simikot to Surkhet by 17 flights and 3 sorties of Nepal Army chopper arranged by the Embassy of India.
Later these pilgrims were sent to Nepalgunj by the buses. The Embassy also operated 50 sorties of helicopters between Hilsa and Simikot and evacuated 250 people . Nearly 500 stranded pilgrims have been evacuated from Simikot since Tuesday. Over 1000 pilgrims are still stranded in Simikot, Hilsa and Tibet side.
The Indian Embassy has said that situation is under control and there is no need to panic. The Mission has also said that only one death of stranded pilgrim has been reported from Simikot and Hilsa so far. The Embassy is closely monitoring the situation and taking all possible steps to evacuate all Indians and Indian-origin people.
The Mission is also exploring possibility of hiring chartered helicopters and operating them on various evacuation routes subject to weather conditions and willingness and ability of carrier to fly on these routes.
In accordance with the instruction from Chinese Embassy in Singapore, Applicant is required to submit one photo while applying for Chinese visa. The following detailed requirements of the photo should be satisfied:
1. It must be a color photo with white background, taken recently within the last 6 months.
2. Photo size: 48mmx33mm, width of head: 15mm to 22mm, height of head: 28mm to 33mm. Please refer to the picture below:
3. While taking the photo,please face the camera with the entire head and face clearly visible. The facial expression should be neutral with eyes open, lips closed and ears visible. Head position: ≤20°left or right tilt, and ≤25°up or down tilt. There should be no extra movement or objects visible in the photo.
4. Facial features should be complete and clearly visible, with the head centered in the photo. Eyeglasses are allowed except thick-rimmed, tinted or glare glasses. Hat or other head wears are only permitted due to religious reasons, but any facial features should not be obscured.
5. There should be no damages or impurities on the photo, no permeation or shadow over the face. Photo should be in natural tone, but not over or under exposed, red-eyed or distorted.
6. Background should be in white , and with no edge frame.
Please refer to the following image to check if your photo meets these requirements.
The specific requirements mentioned above will come into effect from December 1st ,2016. Please be noticed that, your visa application may be declined if your photo does not satisfy the requirements, and all the responsibilities should be taken by yourself.
Pooja Mehraa (00919810098099)
Kailash Mansarovar Yatra 2018 Current News
Oxygen level at kailash Mansarovar
The Causes of Altitude Sickness
The percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere at sea level is about 21% and the barometric pressure is around 760 mmHg. As altitude increases, the percentage remains the same but the number of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced. At 3,600 metres (12,000 feet) the barometric pressure is only about 480 mmHg, so there are roughly 40% fewer oxygen molecules per breath so the body must adjust to having less oxygen.
In addition, high altitude and lower air pressure causes fluid to leak from the capillaries in both the lungs and the brain, which can lead to fluid build-up. Continuing on to higher altitude without proper acclimatisation can lead to the potentially serious, even life-threatening sickness.
The main cause of altitude sickness is gaining height too quickly. Given enough time, your body will adapt to the decrease in oxygen at a specific altitude. This process is known as acclimatisation and generally takes one to three days at any given altitude, e.g. if you climb to 3,000 metres and spend several days at that altitude, your body will acclimatise to 3,000 metres. If you then climb to 5,000 metres your body has to acclimatise once again.
Several changes take place in the body, which enable it to cope with decreased oxygen:
* The depth of respiration increases.
* The body produces more red blood cells to carry oxygen.
* Pressure in pulmonary capillaries is increased, "forcing" blood into parts of the lung, which are not normally used when breathing at sea level.
* The body produces more of a particular enzyme that causes the release of oxygen from haemoglobin to the body tissues.
Above 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) most people experience a periodic breathing during sleep known as Cheyne-Stokes Respirations. The pattern begins with a few shallow breaths and increases to deep sighing respirations then falls off rapidly even ceasing entirely for a few seconds and then the shallow breaths begin again. During the period when breathing stops the person often becomes restless and may wake with a sudden feeling of suffocation. This can disturb sleeping patterns, exhausting the climber. This type of breathing is not considered abnormal at high altitudes. Acetazolamide is helpful in relieving this periodic breathing.
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
AMS is very common at high altitude. At over 3,000 metres (10,000 feet) 75% of people will have mild symptoms. The occurrence of AMS is dependent on the elevation, the rate of ascent, and individual susceptibility. Many people will experience mild AMS during the acclimatisation process. The symptoms usually start 12 to 24 hours after arrival at altitude and begin to decrease in severity around the third day.
The symptoms of Mild AMS include:
* Nausea & Dizziness
* Loss of appetite
* Shortness of breath
* Disturbed sleep
* General feeling of depression
Symptoms tend to be worse at night and when respiratory drive is decreased. Mild AMS does not interfere with normal activity and symptoms generally subside within two to four days as the body acclimatises. As long as symptoms are mild, and only a nuisance, ascent can continue at a moderate rate. When hiking, it is essential that you communicate any symptoms of illness immediately to others on your trip.
The signs and symptoms of Moderate AMS include: -
* Severe headache that is not relieved by medication
* Nausea and vomiting, increasing weakness and fatigue
* Shortness of breath
* Decreased co-ordination (ataxia).
Normal activity is difficult, although the person may still be able to walk on his or her own. At this stage, only advanced medication or descent can reverse the problem. Descending only 300 metres (1,000 feet) will result in some improvement, and twenty-four hours at the lower altitude will result in a significant improvement. The person should remain at lower altitude until all the symptoms have subsided (up to 3 days). At this point, the person has become acclimatised to that altitude and can start climbing again.
The best test for moderate AMS is to have the person walk a straight-line heel to toe just like a sobriety test. A person with ataxia would be unable to walk a straight line. This is a clear indication that an immediate descent is required. It is important to get the person to descend before the ataxia reaches the point where they cannot walk on his or her own (which would necessitate a stretcher evacuation).
Severe AMS results in an increase in the severity of the aforementioned symptoms including: Shortness of breath at rest, Inability to walk, Decreasing mental status, Fluid build-up in the lungs, Severe AMS requires immediate descent of around 600 metres (2,000 feet) to a lower altitude.
There are two serious conditions associated with severe altitude sickness; High Altitude Cerebral Oedema (HACO) and High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPO). Both happen less frequently. But, when they do occur, it is usually in people going too high too fast or going very high and staying there. In both cases the lack of oxygen results in leakage of fluid through the capillary walls into either the lungs or the brain.
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPO)
HAPO results from fluid build up in the lungs. This fluid prevents effective oxygen exchange. As the condition becomes more severe, the level of oxygen in the bloodstream decreases, which leads to cyanosis, impaired cerebral function, and death.
Symptoms of HAPO include: -
* Shortness of breath at rest
* Tightness in the chest, and a persistent cough bringing up white, watery, or frothy fluid
* Marked fatigue and weakness
* A feeling of impending suffocation at night
* Confusion, and irrational behaviour
Confusion, and irrational behaviour are signs that insufficient oxygen is reaching the brain. One of the methods for testing yourself for HAPO is to check your recovery time after exertion. In cases of HAPO, immediate descent of around 600 metres (2,000 feet) is a necessary life-saving measure. Anyone suffering from HAPO must be evacuated to a medical facility for proper follow-up treatment.
Have you, or someone you know, ever suffered from HAPO or HAPE (high altitude pulmonary oedema)? Then join the "International HAPE Database" a registry of previous HAPE sufferers worldwide who might consider participating in future research studies. For more information, follow this link: - “International HAPE Registry”
Indian Pilgrimage Service Centre of Tar - Holy Mt. Kailash
NTP Yatra Navigator Dr Seema M Parihar shared pictures off her mission exploration deep inside Nepal
Posted on March 20, 2018
Great news to Share with NTP Kailash Mansarovar Pilgrims -NTP Kailash Mansarovar Yatra navigator NTP Yatra Navigator Dr Seema M Parihar shared pictures off her mission exploration deep inside Nepal, Tibet Plateau , Dr Parihar is immensely credited for her Geographical researches, most acclaimed, one amongst top academician world recognizes for her contributions in the field of geography SPL. remote sensing.